East Chicago Ancestral Ties a Link between Two Global Icons of Pop Music

Growing up In my rust belt, blue collar neighborhood,as Al Jarreau sang, “We Got By!”We also took the idea of permanence and job security for granted. Being in the shadows and gravity of Chicago, we seldom looked at the greatness that surrounded us in everyday people with extraordinary talent and determination. Many people are un-aware that two of the greatest artists in American popular culture and history claim their ancestral roots in East Chicago, Indiana.Both Michael Jackson’s and Stevie Wonder’s grandparents lived only six blocks apart.And I lived a few blocks between both their grandparents.Small wonder, Stevie, Michael and their clans were like family; brothers and sisters with each other. They shared a common root and bond with their ancestor’s homes.Now that the once bustling steel city by the lake no longer has gigantic steel mills with fiery open hearths and blast furnaces lighting the skies,like most rust belt cities big industry is no longer and today full- time, solid employment is a scarcity.But at least the”good folk” of East Chicago for generations will always have bragging rights.Their neighbors, the Jacksons and Morris families helped nurture the “best of the best”.And Stevie’s and the Jackson family will always have deep kinship roots in the little steel town on Lake Michigan’s southern shore. D.Day Media 2017Stevie Wonder and Michael Jackson both have Grandparents  they visted often who lived in East Chicago, Indiana six blocks apart.

Main&Broadway EC Harbor

Main and Broadway Indiana Harbor

Morris liquorstore and House EC

Morris Liquor Store owned by Bob and Ilona Morris, Stevie’s grandparents, lived next door,The Village of New Addition

Parade EC Mexican Independence

Mexican Independence Day Parade in a once bustling town where Big Steel and Oil refineries assured jobs for American migrants from the southwest and Mexico, Eastern European immigrants, and the great African America migrant wave during the 19th though 20th century.

 

Memories of My Segregated American Swimming Pool

More than a decade ago I decided to interview an aging former neighbor. A lovely woman of great dignity. Maturing ever so gracefully, she personifies wisdom and experience. My hope was that our conversation would yield a unique story and perspective about lifes’ joys and the challenges of raising and educating five children, while managing to earn a degree as a Registered nurse.No small fete as a single mom coping in an urban industrial rust belt community settled by a mixture of northern born blacks and stream of black migrants arriving from the south after WW II,Eastern European immigrants and Hispanic families, seeking work in the steel mills and foundries darting the industrial landscape of East Chicago, Indiana a short commute from Chicago’s bustling South side.

We sat on her lawn near the familiar sprawling empty lot that for fifty years had been the site of the George Washington Carver Swimming pool, a public facility constructed for the recreational use of the City’s sizable black and Latino population. The City of East Chicago possessed an excellent parks and recreation system with well equipped swimming pools, and access to specific reaches of Lake Michigan’s beach shorelines. However there was an unwritten rule for years among black and white citizens that “Carver Pool” was the exclusive preserve of blacks, thus for years a pattern of segregated swimming pools existed as a reminder of the northern racial divide and remained status quo in an arrangement of separate but dubiously equal swimming pools.
What stands out to me from my late summer conversation was the pride my dear neighbor exuded, when she recalled being present at the Ribbon cutting ceremony, dedicating Carver Swimming pool in honor of the great African American Scientist,Dr. George Washington Carver as he spoke softly but proudly of the racial progress made on that glorious day when little black boys and girls would learn how to swim.And swim, we did!

George Washignton Carver (1864-1943)
Born into slavery at birth and stolen and sold elsewhere, George Washington Carver would have never been able to guess how far his love of plants would take him. It was namely his work in crop rotation techniques and in agriculture of the south with peanuts and cotton that he won recognition. It was his invention of different consumer uses of these products that helped boost the economy of the entire country. Taken back to his original birthplace and following the abolition of slavery, he was raised by the family that had enslaved him. They knew he was bright for his age and encouraged him in his educational pursuits. He would go to Kansas for High School as schools farther south were not open to African American attendance yet. When George applied to different colleges, he was rejected once they learned his was black. His name did not reveal his color. Finding disappointment in this, he moved even farther north into Iowa, where he would eventually attend Iowa State University as the first black student. It was during this period that he adopted the name George ‘ Washington’ Carver since there was another George Carver in his classes. Later on in his career, he would become the sole African American faculty member. He even remained there and received a Master’s Degree, where he gained international recognition as a budding botanist. Upon graduation, he was recruited and paid a substantial salary to teach at Tuskegee University. Initially, he was hired by Booker T. Washington, who promoted industry and labor as a way for his fellow African American brethren to rise in society. At Tuskegee, George Washington Carver would stay, completing research and teaching for nearly fifty years. Through his research, he found a variety of uses for the peanut plant. He worked on better concoctions for glue, ink, makeup, oils, soaps, salts, and recipes for the home. It is even claimed that he invented peanut butter. Over the remaining years in his career and life, George Washington Carver did not publish his autobiography, but a lot has been written about his life. He gave advice to numerous presidents, and was aided in his hopes that soy could be used for fuel by Henry Ford. He has had museums, schools, libraries, scholarships, and other awards named in his honor.

George washington Carver

Dr. George Washington Carver for whom Carver Swimming Pool was named was present as honored guest of the grand opening of one of the nation’s few black public supported swimming pools. Carver pool was located in the New Addition section of East Chicago, Indiana a predominately African American neighborhood. Dr. Carver noted : “It was a great day for Negro boys and girls to able to learn to swim.” (Source: Interview 2002 with Mrs. Rosemary Moore, RRN

Swimming pool Carver

Wide shot George Washington Carver Pool inside green exterior foundation annexed to Bath and Shower House for boys and girls

Carver Pool &Bath House NA remodeled

GWC Swimming Pool and bath House was remodeled in the 80s, pictured are government, religious and community leaders.

Carver pool reopens ben Guesyer_ribbon cut

Rededication ceremony of the GWC SwimmingPool and Bath House at Ribbon Cutting, Dr.George Washington Carver actually was honoree at the first ribbon cutting event of the facility which primarily served black and Puerto Rican and Mexican youth throughout the Calumet Region for several decades.

Inter-racial Marriage, Dating and Love: A Conversation with a Few Friends

Inter-racial dating and Marriage

11/24/13

This Facebook conversation thread developed from a post on Facebook started by E.J. Strickland a musician. I responded to E.J’s observations and the ensuing thread of friends mushroomed  into open thoughtful discourse on the subject of race, and inter-racial dating and marriage in America. The contributors range from a retired Indiana attorney, Richard Miller, a retired Indiana State Government Health Executive, James “Jim” Ladd, E.J. Strickland a noted jazz musician,and Bruce Thomas actor, singer and former body guard for the late Muhammad Ali. After revisiting the lively informative post on my fifteenth wedding anniversary recently in 2017. I decided to post it on my blog here at ddaymedia.wordpress. To me it reflects the positive aspects of social media at it’s best when sensitive and controversial topics are openly and intelligently discussed  with the intention of  fomenting better understanding of  the problems and obstacles we face as a nation seeking to fulfill its highest democratic ideals of freedom justice and equality for all its citizens.

Some Thoughts on Love, Race and Marriage in America 

E.J. Strickland a young musician friend,and rising star on the international jazz scene penned this very thoughtful status on Face Book today. I found it timely, since I reflected over having lived 18 years in America as part of an inter-racial relationship.D.Day 2013

E.J. on interracial relationships: “Anyone out there who thinks they’re going to stop people from all over this world from mixing racially.. GIVE IT UP!! It’s USELESS!! Interracial relationships have existed since the beginning of TIME!! Most of us are all mixed up anyhow.. even if we are unaware of it. Who people choose to love is THEIR business, and THEIR business only!! TRUE LOVE knows no color, and is a matching of SOULS.. Not SKINTONE.. My boo is White/Native American.. She is beautiful both inside and out!! And, I love her with every inch of my body AND soul!! Together we encounter some haters.. as well as those who see the light. For those who can’t accept.. Just remember.. LOVE WINS!! ALWAYS!! (ah-ite, I’m done.. LOL)”

Dennis Day: Thoughts on Love, Race and Marriage in America

“Hey E.J. I thank you for this post. Over this weekend my wife and I celebrated our 11th Anniversary.We have been in an inter-racial relationship for 18years.I’ve discovered that it’s a hang up on both sides, black as well as white. But at least many of my friends in the jazz and the arts community could care less, but some of them even have issues. It’s a form of self-imposed enslavement to close oneself off from having other friends, mates and relationships from among different races and cultures. Natural selection will always prevail over any man’s political laws or false racist sexual taboos. Both racial supremacists and racial purists of all persuasions have it wrong.Race is a “social construct” not a biological one, DNA confirms that fact.Unfortunately, in America much moreso than most places, we’re still”hung-up” in it’s irrational strangle-hold. Even many of my white friends and associates have huge limitations fully embracing the notion of mixed marriages, it’s subtle but it’s real and sad. I noted that only 1 or 2 were able to acknowledge my wedding anniversary over the weekend. I think it’s perhaps more comfortable ignoring a not so in-consequential fact of life concerning the race of my spouse.Life is too short to play other folks’ political head games. Live and love, and let live and treat people fairly is all one can do. Love wins every time over hate. Thanks for your honesty, it’s the only way we’ll ever get to the next level as human beings. I hope we get to play together again soon”.D.Day 2013

Bruce Thomas Hopefully it’s getting better. I also happen to be in an interracial relationship of 5 years. I say ‘happen to be in’ because my lady is beautiful both inside and out and I would have fallen in love with her regardless of her complexion. I thank God that we have never had any real negative experience or rudeness from the outside world. I’ve taken her to all black parties and events where she was the only white and she’s has always been treated with respect. I’ve also been the only black at all white activities, including a redneck tavern at the Conowingo Dam just last week and anyone was respectful (to my relief, lol). I think people are getting it. I also feel a lot of it is how we carry ourselves. Lori and I are openly affectionate and people can see that we are in love. How can you hate that? I have seen other interracial couples who looked uncomfortable or seemed to be seeking approval from the outside world. It’s just my opinion but I think when you are seeking approval that’s when you invite what people think. Frankly I don’t give a shit what people think but I am always courteous, respectful, and down to earth. Dennis you are on point AGAIN! We have got to meet someday!

November 25, 2013 at 12:23am ·

Jim Ladd- Funny, I don’t even think about it anymore, love is love. Race isn’t the building block that determines a good marriage.

 

Rich Miller- I know my friends above, Dennis and Jim, remember my college Anthropology professor’s sage accounting of the human experience: “Throughout history, when two groups met, they may have fought, but they always mated.”

November 25, 2013 at 8:23am ·

Phyllis Esposito D Happy Anniversary Dennis Day! May God Bless You and Your Wife with many more years of good health, peace, love and prosperity… Thank you for sharing this insightful on point post xox

November 25, 2013 at 10:11pm ·

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Dennis Day Rich Miller, My friend. We can agree with your professor on a much larger global level. The problems however, surface in the day-to-day inter-personal, group and at the human level.Under your prof’s theory, the adage,”To the victors go the spoils” historically has meant the vanquished and conquered races and nations are inevitably amalgamated or absorbed within the larger communal social order.American racism is different. It’s the legacy of American chattel slavery that has impeded this natural amalgam from becoming the new normal. It’s getting there slowly,but until each individual deals with his or her own blind spots regarding race and the stigma of inter-racial liaisons embedded for centuries as taboo in this country, we as a nation will continue to view such relationships as on the margins and atypical. D.Day 2013

November 26, 2013 at 10:52am · Edited ·

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Rich Miller- Thanks Dennis: If my post was read or interpreted to suggest anything more than yours or E J’s, such was not intended. My apologies.

November 26, 2013 at 10:56am ·

Dennis Day Not at all. Your post in my view was right on point. I merely felt the need to expand upon the more parochial aspects of this issue because of my own experience and experiences of those with whom I’m familiar.My point is, it all boils down to individuals and communities as to whether we get beyond what my friend EJ and I are addressing on these pages. I felt I needed to say for some time. Now it’s off my chest.

November 26, 2013 at 11:21am ·

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Rich Miller- Love ya

November 26, 2013 at 11:32am ·

Dennis Day Ditto “dat” bro LOL!

November 26, 2013 at 11:35am ·

Dennis Day It’s precisely streams of this sort that reveal FB at it’s best; a platform for open honest dialogue, in which our possibilities of deepening understanding of one another become real.

November 26, 2013 at 11:44am ·

Bruce Thomas I hope I’m not over talking this Dennis but your recent statement provokes thought and brings back memories. You are right on point when you say individual experiences are related to the communities where they occur. I’ve lived in the NYC area and the Baltimore/WDC communities. In the 90’s, I perceived interracial relationships in the NYC area as much more rare compared to what I saw in the WDC area. Also public reaction was more dramatic in the NYC area from what friends would tell me and from my own experiences. Back then, I was married to a Filipino. We’d get stares with a few people literally stopping in their tracks with opened mouth just seeing us walk down Broadway in midtown. My ex would also get hostile stares from sisters when we were in restaurants to the point of being so ridiculous we’d have to laugh. 20 years later, interracial relationships are common place here (WDC/Baltimore). Because I do see more interracial couples in NYC, I thought the public had grown with the times. Surprisingly, I think NYC’s southern neighbors are more open-minded of interracial relationships because as I stated, we haven’t had to deal with any foolishness. I’m sorry if you and your wife have had to… Y’all c’mon down! lol.

November 26, 2013 at 7:38pm ·

Dennis Day @ Bruce Thomas:Thanks a lot for your insightful stories. I somewhat disagree. By and large,NYC remains among this nation’s most tolerant with regard to inter-racial marriages. At least that’s been my experience. It has been so historically. Even at the time of the Draft Riots in NYC in 1841 there were inter-racial marriages across race and gender. Although the Draft Riots displaced black families who were forced to flee into other areas of the City.Race in general became a powder keg issue after that and even regressive laws and civil service practices were enacted to repress blacks in sectors of the City’s economy. Namely in Civil Service jobs, police and fire departments, a situation which lingers to this very day. Racial antipathy below the Mason-Dixon line ,in states like Virginia and Maryland are joined by a complex history of slavery and freedmen, a term used for “free men of color”. Demographically, a large population of free blacks ,either born free or manumitted by their slave holders have long held free license to marry across racial lines, maybe this in part accounts for the more liberal attitudes you perceive .The 1967 Supreme court landmark case,Loving vs Virginia challenged and prevailed against Virginia’s State laws to prevent such miscegenation. Inter-racial marriage had existed defacto for centuries since slavery and has been fairly commonplace in Virginia even prior to the Supreme Court’s ruling which up-held constitutional legitimacy of inter-racial marriages Dejure in all the States. However, the fact remains that Virginia between 1882-1968 recorded 83 black lynchings, Maryland in the same period, 27 blacks reported as lynched, DC, records 1 black and New York State 1 black lynched. These statistics do not undergird arguments either supporting or debunking the notion of specific states’ level of tolerance for inter-racial liaisons, they do suggest historical context that may influence larger community attitudes. As for your personal reference,I have written not from a perspective of personal crisis, attitudes have indeed changed nationwide, but we’ve yet a ways to go. I had hoped to shed light on some of the lasting impediments and diehard resistance to social change, that many individuals and communities continue to struggle with.There is in my view, no greater place than New York City in the world,in which to live! Thanks for the kind gesture to move south, it’s beautiful there,a nice place to visit and the offer is reciprocal. But we’ll take a pass! LOL D.Day 2013

Bruce Thomas Lol. I had a feeling that you would say that because there is indeed no place like New York! If it were not for raising my daughter I’d still live there. I love the city and I love the people that live there BUT my personal experience of living there, working there, and having an interracial marriage there was different from the history you very eloquently state above – which is, by the way, the same history I grew up believing and experienced living in a very racist Maryland and Virginia. But in the past 20 – 25 years, that history has changed (in my perception) because in New York, to my surprise, I encountered racism that I had not experienced since the 1960’s – not only with my interracial marriage but also where I lived, worked, and even the ‘Archie Bunkers’ I’d encounter on the bus who were so racially ignorant they didn’t know how ignorant they were. You couldn’t even get mad with them because you knew they were sincerely ignorant. I knew other interracial couples there also who received threats of bodily harm from just being together. So while I have no disputes with civil and legal history of interracial relationships that I’m impressed you wrote above, my personal experience in both communities is why I feel as I do and previously stated. I must say I appreciate this dialog of sharing that hopefully everyone can gain insight from. Thanks for the opportunity Brother!

November 27, 2013 at 3:09pm ·

Dennis Day Greater enlightenment, we all can use it! Thanks!

November 27, 2013 at 3:21pm ·

Dennis Day Bruce, Northern Va. in significant ways is one of the most divrse areas in the nation, 2008 and ’12national elections and 2010 census data bear that out. So to your point, today’s Northern Va. is probably much more tolerant, diverse and far less racist than a generation ago. Maybe even more so than NYC.

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W.E.B. Dubois at Fisk: A Discovery of The Beauty and Soul of Black Folks

For years my late father maintained a scrapbook he compiled from African American publications like Ebony,and The Chicago Defender. It was from his well kept book of black memorabilia that as an adolescent I learned about Dr. W.E.B. Dubois and Fisk University, the illustrious scholar’s beloved alma mater. A first rate scholar and among Harvard’s most esteemed Ph.d. graduates, among his classic, landmark books is The “Souls Of Black Folks” a masterful treatise on black leadership potential, intellectual contributions and cultural development.The book became a blue print for the concept of Negritude and expression of unassailed, unique contributions of the black arts movement and culture to the world entering the era of Harlem’s great Renaissance. From the fierce self-determination and talent of Fisk Jubilee Singers formed in 1866 whom he adored as well as the outstanding cultural contributions emerging from similar historically black colleges and arts groups to the era of Harlem’s fabled Renaissance unprecedented cultural production . In his classic book, “The Soul of Black Folks published in 1903 Dubois wrote:”

“Little of beauty has America given the world save the rude grandeur God himself stamped on her bosom; the human spirit in this new world has expressed itself in vigor and ingenuity rather than in beauty. And so by fateful chance the Negro folk-song — the rhythmic cry of the slave — stands to-day not simply as the sole American music, but as the most beautiful expression of human experience born this side the seas. It has been neglected, it has been, and is, half despised, and above all it has been persistently mistaken and misunderstood; but notwithstanding, it still remains as the singular spiritual heritage of the nation and the greatest gift of the Negro people.”Chapter XIV The Sorrow Songs”Souls of Black Folks(1903)

Dubois was enamored with the beauty and power of Negro spirituals and work songs introduced to the world by his classmates The Fisk Jubilee Singers whose enormous contributions introduced black music to European audiences that radically changed perceptions of a nation first coming to realize the impact of black culture and black folk as purveyors of serious world art. Hence, Dubois was inspired to pen his classic book,”The Soul’s of Black Folks”, and it became the clarion voice of black intellectual and artistic aspiration of the 20th century.It was by reading and leafing through my father’s well kept compendia of articles and photographs as well as an old Smithsonian Folkways recording of the renowned Fisk Jubilee Singers I became inspired to matriculate at his beloved alma mater, Fisk University.Dubois throughout his career as an international scholar and public intellectual unfailingly attributes his deep appreciation of black culture and discovery of Fisks’ environment for intellectual and cultural development to his years as a student at Fisk University in Nashville. This historical fact is often marginalized but must not be forgotten.D.Day 2016

The Family Saga of Stevie Wonder: Deep Roots in East Chicago, Indiana

Lula Hardaway the beloved mother of Stevie Wonder eventually gave Stevie the surname Morris,named after their Morris relatives,in East Chicago, Indiana with whom she once lived.Lula’s maiden name was Hardaway,the father of Stevie and his siblings was Calvin Judkins. Lula retained the Hardaway surname for her children rather than Judkins, with the exception of Stevie, who was given the name of his grand parents whose Liquor store business and property are shown in the picture above. The Morris and Hardaway families of East Chicago played a huge part in Stevie’s formative years, this was the pre-Finger tips era and the Live Regal theater recording that catapulted him to stardom as “Little Stevie Wonder”.The biography of mom, Lula for some odd reason omits her life in East Chicago where she actually migrated to from Eufaula, Alabama.Instead the biographer fictitiously places my old neighborhood where some of Stevie’s and his mom’s folks lived as in the City of Chicago proper, which is false and completely inaccurate.Stevie Wonder uses Morris as his legal surname. As a side bar,there’s a similar distortion portrayed erroneously in the TV biopic of “The Jacksons”, that runs on cable TV repeatedly. It shows the couple Joe and Catherine as living and meeting in Chicago, however, for the record, Joe and Catherine Jackson met in East Chicago, Indiana 20 miles southeast of Chicago’s Loop, where Joe worked as a crane operator at Inland Steel and not US Steel in Gary, Indiana as presented in the movie. The couple soon after married and moved to Gary where they started the family, the rest is history. I suppose using the City of Chicago as a romantic backdrop was much more appealing to Hollywood producers than the gritty industrial melting pot of a blue collar town like East Chicago was back in the day. One interesting fact is Stevie’s beloved mom Lula and Michael’s beloved mom Catherine lived only a few blocks apart in the City of East Chicago, Indiana.The good folks who live there know the true story and Stevie and the youth(especially my sister and her crew) whom followed him and his care taker around like groupies during the hot summer have fondest memories of his many visits and childhood vacations spent in the old “hood”. D.Day 2014

morris-liquor-store-and-house-nxt-door

Morris Family Liquor Store, owned by Stevie’s relatives Bob and Ilona Morris, East Chicago, Indiana

ilula-and-stevie

Lula Mae Hardaway, and son Stevie Hardaway Morris

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Stevie samples his mom’s home cooking as his siblings look on.

stevie-and-dennis-at-hue-mans

Stevie Wonder and Dennis Day at Harlem’s Hueman Bookstore

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Sir Steveland Judkins Hardaway-Morris aka Stevie Wonder

ART FLETCHER WARRIOR FOR GOP CHANGE IS A Much Needed Voice Today

ART FLETCHER:AFRICAN AMERICAN WARRIOR WHO FOUGHT FOR AND AGAINST THE GOP FOR CHANGE

2/20/13
By Dennis Day
Art Fletcher was a stand-up guy who gained considerable political influence in and out-side the Beltway of the nation’s capitol. As a young political novice I met Art during his un-successful but hard fought bid to become Mayor of the District of Columbia. We connected around many issues,Affirmative Action, civil rights, fair housing and wistful thinking that through organization and bold leadership that a progressive vision could help forge the “Big Tent”notion of GOP party loyalists like Congressman(R) Jack Kemp and Senator Ed Brook (R) .Art could be a political lightening rod; bold and out-spoken, he was an anathema to conservative Republican brand of towing the party-line aimed at capping social programs.

A native of Kansas, Art had been among the early complainants in developing the landmark case of Topeka vs. Board of Education which eventually led to debunking the unconstitutional Separate but Equal doctrine thus ending dejure segregation of American public education. As  Assistant Secretary of Labor he along with his associate John Wilkes, crafted the Philadelphia Plan which became the template for federal and State Affirmative Action programs.The legal entitlement crafted for these protected classes ensured : blacks,women, Hispanics, Asians, Pacific Islanders and Native Americans were given equal opportunity access to government subsidized contracts in bidding processes classified as certified minority and women’s business enterprises.Affirmative Action initiatives and Small Business initiatives such as the federal MESBIC (Minority Small Business Investment Companies) Act did more within one generation to lift poor,and minority and women contractors and hires into the middle-class American main stream than, perhaps any government mandate since the G.I. bill.

I attended Art Fletcher’s funeral in July 2005 held at the old Evangel Temple in North East Washington. Neither president, George W. Bush nor George H.W. Bush Sr. attended the funeral instead, sent their personal tributes and  condolences which were read. By the time Art passed at age 80 he had become such an activist and gad fly for change within the GOP leadership, that senate and congressional party leadership kept him at “arms length” to avoid Art’s demands for radical change and concessions for minority inclusion within the GOP. Those who knew Art understood he didn’t ‘give two hoots” about being on the outside agitating, he had spent a lifetime advocating for the poor and down trodden. Art Fletcher was a fearless warrior for change in America and he fought tirelessly to bring needed change  and diversity within the GOP where he could administer a “political stiff- arm”as effectively as he had done during the 50s as the first black player for the NFL Baltimore Colts and later the L.A. RAMS. Art believed in opening doors for the less fortunate and if necessary, legally “breaking down those doors” when they were resistant to change and being opened. He is regarded as the “Father of Affirmative Action.” Based upon his formulation and successful implementation of the Philadelphia Plan which became the template for Affirmative Action, minority hiring targets and contracting opportunities grew exponentially. Art Fletcher deserves our nation’s recognition and honor during Black History month and far beyond  February. The nation’s broadening of the black middle-class in American colleges and universities as well as minority access to federal contracts for goods and services to considerable degree can be attributed to the skillful leadership and unyielding demands that blacks, women and other minorities had a right to be “at the table” in America.Under his reign as Assistant Secretary of Labor during the Nixon administration and after, well into the Clinton years black Americans and women made inroads and progress as entrepreneurs,contractors and sub-contractors within the trades and among the ranks of Small business.

Today’s GOP could well learn from Art Fletcher’s playbook regarding minority and immigrant inclusion, and how to craft programs to uplift the poor and expand economic opportunity; principles Art clung to dearly until his death from heart failure. Admirers of every political stripe turned out for the home-going of this “giant”who held a mirror toward his GOP party , revealing its warts, blemishes and bigotry. Conservative republicans would eventually rebuff  his insistence on the need for expanding Affirmative Action and opening the GOP as a big tent for minorities and women as opposed to merely giving “lip service” to the concept of inclusion.

Liberals, progressives, and moderates all attended the funeral to pay homage to this largely unsung African American hero and patriot. The eulogy was given by the Rev. Dr. Jeremiah Wright, a close personal friend of the Fletcher family, who remarked, “Art is in heaven right now arguing with Saint Peter , telling him to ,“Come on y’all, open these gates wider, and let more people up in here.”Those whom were in the trenches in the turbulent civil rights era can will appreciate the battles Art fought; as a friend and mentor I value lessons I learned from him.Fortunately for me, we stayed in touch over the years until his death from cancer at age 80.To this day I value his steady counsel  and unwavering fight for equal and social justice.

My commentary above will post on my blog with video excerpts of the Art Fletcher home going service at a later date. D.Day Media Group Inc.

From: The Seattle Times, Editorial Board of the Tri-City Herald July 15. 2005

Art Fletcher: The Poor Have Lost Their Hero

People living outside political circles might not appreciate the power Art Fletcher carried, but those who knew him know he was one of the…

People living outside political circles might not appreciate the power Art Fletcher carried, but those who knew him know he was one of the most influential men in recent American history.
The former Pasco city councilman died this week at the age of 80 at his Washington, D.C., home. The legacy he leaves behind is astounding. He helped prove a black man could be a force in politics at a time when blacks in some parts of the country were afraid to vote. Most notably, he shaped the nation’s equal-opportunity and affirmative-action policies when the fight against discrimination was just beginning.
As a young man, Fletcher became the first black to play football for the Baltimore Colts and later the Los Angeles Rams. Wounds suffered during World War II in a segregated Army ended his football career.
After the war, he ended up as a teacher in rural Kansas in the 1950s, becoming involved in efforts to overturn school segregation. In fact, Fletcher was the last living member of nine original plaintiffs involved in the Brown v. Topeka Board of Education case, which led to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that ordered nationwide integration of public schools.
He always was a champion of human rights, and fiercely fought to improve the economic fate of blacks. When he moved to Pasco in the late 1960s, Fletcher created the East Pasco Self-Help Cooperative, a neighborhood development corporation helping blacks start their own businesses.
In 1967, he became the first black person ever elected to a city council in the Tri-Cities. That election night, another black man won in Seattle, making the two of them the first black men in the state to win city council seats.
Not long after, he won the Republican primary for lieutenant governor of Washington by a 2-1 margin. He lost to the incumbent during the November election by slightly less than 50,000 votes out of 1.2 million cast. The close race caught the attention of President Richard Nixon, who appointed Fletcher assistant secretary for the Department of Labor, where he was in charge of stopping employment discrimination. Later, Nixon appointed him chairman of the U.S. Civil Rights Commission.
Fletcher always was a staunch Republican, but in recent interviews lamented his party’s shift to a far-right agenda that hurt the poor and minorities.
“I find the Republican Party condemning people for being poor,” he once said. He also criticized Republican candidates for talking about family and religious values while at the same time “not being charitable.”
The poor still need a champion, someone with the political force to speak up for them.
If anything, that’s what Fletcher did, and our country is much better for it.

East Chicago-Baseball Integrates Decades Before the Major Leagues or Little League Baseball

babe-ruth-ec-kiwanas-bball-teamThe great Jackie Robinson integrated major league baseball in 1948. But in East Chicago, Indiana boy’s baseball has been an integrated enterprise since 1924. The East Chicago Kiwanis boy’s baseball league pre-dates the American Little League which began in June 1939 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania when “Lundy Lumber Company” defeated Lycoming Dairy’s youth team in a 3-2 series in the best of three games. From these humble beginnings, Little League Baseball began in America. The sport became the world’s largest youth sports program. The city of East Chicago’s Kiwanis League began its youth baseball league in 1924 making it the oldest organized youth league in the nation. In the picture above the Sultan of Swing, “Babe Ruth” himself meets with me young players from the East Chicago Kiwanis League baseball team, at Chicago’s Comiskey Park.The team’s players represent the ethnic and racial “melting pot” neighborhoods that make up the fabric of this Rustbelt City, once a thriving industrial manufacturing corridor twenty miles southeast of Chicago’s Loop. (D.Day Media 2017)(c)